Climate Change - Emission trading scheme - GHG
Ratification of the Kyoto Protocol by the EU and member States led to the publication of the European Directive on Emission Trading (2003/87/2003 EU-ETS).
Since 1st January 2005, European companies which come under the scope of the Directive are required to limit their emissions of CO2 in accordance with national allocation plans (NAP).
Presently, the Directive applies to energy combustion activities, production and transformation of metals, production of cement, lime, paper, glass and ceramic products, coke ovens and mineral oil refineries.
The Directive foresees for the installations it regulates:
1. a permit issued by the designated national authority, according to which each allowance issued is equal to the emission of one tonne of CO2;
2. the obligation to surrender, every year, a number of allowances equal to the emissions of CO2 emitted during the year and a penalty in the case of non surrender of emission allowances;
3. the sale/purchase of emission allowances (called EUA), also involving third party operators. Every transfer of allowances is registered in a national register.
The monitoring method and communication of CO2 emissions to the designated national authority are to be checked annually by an accredited third party.
The annual verification procedure is divided into the following phases:
a) Documentary phase: assessment of the emissions inventory, method of collecting data, calculation methodology, communication format;
b) On-site verification: examination of the authorised emission sources, monitoring methodology implemented by the installation, procedures for the acquisition of the data and estimate of uncertainty;
c) Reporting phase: drawing up of the assessment report and, if positive, issue of the verification declaration of CO2 emissions to be sent to the designated national authority.
RINA (recognised body no. 6) has obtained recognition as ETS accredited verifier for all activities covered by the Directive, through DEC/RAS/096/2006 from the Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory.
For a quotation related to ETS verification activities, an e-mail can be sent to the above-mentioned contact person, giving the authorisation number of the installation subject to the EU-ETS Directive.